Kamakhya Temple…Guwahati is the capital of Assam and it is located in Kamarup district. It was also called Pragyotishpur in olden days. Kamakya Devi temple is at distance of 10 k.m. from Guwahati and it is located on the hills of Neelanchal on the bank of river Brahmaputra. Kamarupa Devi, It has become famous as one among 18 Sakthi Peetas. Here bravos are named Upananda. there are two ways reach this Kamakhya temple. one is tree steps and another is thrown road.
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Kamakya Devi Temple History
Daksha Prajapati had decided to perform a great Yagna without inviting Siva. But Sati Devi had decided to attend it. But Siva had tried to stop her but to no avail. Sathi Devi was insulted by her father before all the participants. Unable to bear the shame, she immolated her self by jumping into the fire of the Yagna. Knowing this Lord Siva became very angry and took pieces of his big hair and beat it on the earth. Then Veerabhadra took birth and destroyed the entire Yagna hall and cut the head of Daksha. Lord Siva weeping very loudly and with unbearable sorrow, Lord Siva carrying the dead body of Sati on his back roamed around the world. He made a terrible dance with his fury knows no bounds. Seeing this all the world was terrified. Then all the deities including Bhrama went to Lord Vishnu and prayed realizing that as long as the dead body of Sathi Devi is on the back of Lord Siva his fury will not diminish, Lord Vishnu cut the body of Sathi Devi into 51 pieces fell in different places. 18 sites became pious. These 18 pious also called Asthadasa Sakthi Peets. (Eighteen places of power).
Maa Kamakhya Mandir, The place was the private part of Sati Devi fell became famous as the temple of Kamakya Devi. It is said that the temple was built by Viswakarma. This Yoni temple is also prayed as the place of power (Sakthi Sthal).
This Kamakhya temple located on a small hillock. According to the history of the Yoni mandir place, the hillock is called Neelanchal (blue mountain). Because it is actually the body of Sankara and when the private part of Sathi had fallen the entire hill hand turned into blue color. According to Kalika Purana, the Kamakya Devi has the power to assume the form, she wishes to have especially on three accusations she wearers in three main forms. These are called ‘Tripura Sakthi’ Rupas. Well, when she has a desire to enjoy with her husband she wears the form of standing in the white lotus with a yellow flower garland in her hand. This form is called Tripura Sundari. When she is very happy she assumes the form of the sitting on a lion. When she is in fury she stands on a dead body having a sword in her hand. This form is called ‘Tripura Bairavi’. According to Kalika Purana, it is said that in whatever form she assumes, there is no equal to her beauty. Hence she is called ‘Lalitha Kantika’. Without her permission, it is said that even Lord Siva could not grant any boon. Science she can assume the form she likes the place is also called the country of Kamarupa.
According to Kamakya Devi Bhagavatam, it is said that as ladies get the menses period, the Kamakya Devi also gets the period. It is further stated their her menses days start from Third Paadam of Mrugasira star and end with the first Paadam of Arudra star. Hence in the Maa Kamakaya Devi temple starting from Sudda Sapthami of Aashada month to Ekadasi, the days are treated as her menses days. The first three days the temple will remain closed. After the menses bath of Kamakya Devi on the Dasami day, the temple with being cleaned and the visitors may have a darshan of Kamakya Devi. On the 5th day that is on Ekadasi, there will be the great festivity and this accretion is called Hambu Vasi Yoga.
This Kamakhya temple seems to be very wonderful on the premises of the temple spread over the entire hill to words at the western end. For the construction of the Kamakhya temple also seems wonderful since the dome of the temple is above the sanctum sanitorium and is in the shape of a coconut shell. The walls of the temple are built with white marble and have beautiful carvings. On the top of the sanctum sanitorium and on the front side, there are 4 half globe size domes. As soon as we enter the Kamakhya temple, from the big entrance, there is another hall inside. This hall is very narrow and also dark. In the mid role of the hall, there is a room built with iron wire-mesh. In the room, on the 4 feet pedestal, the statue of the deity will be in the sitting posture of ‘Padmasana’. This is a replica of the main deity lying at Kamakhya temple inside sanctum sanctorum and devotees make prayers and offerings here. On the backside of the stature, there is an entrance in the sanctum sanctorum.
Sanctum will be a big pit. Actually, it is a small cave lying on the hill. if we come down 10 steps, there will be a 6 feet square place. On the left side, there are nearly 3 feet square and 1½ feet depth private part of Sati carved on the rock and on it prayers will be done with Bilwa leaves and flowers. In the middle of the carving water, the drop will be oozing and reach the bottom of the pit. The priest will give this water to devotees, as pious water. In the Kamakhya temple, There is a belief, that if we take the water in, it will eradicate all the sins and diseases. Near the pedestal of the private part, there will be the statue of Lakshmi and Saraswathi. After having darshan of those deities, devotees will climb the same steps and go out.
During the attack on foreigners, the Kamakhya temple was destroyed many times. Every time it is rebuilt. It stands as a testimony to the revocation of the devotees. In the Kamakhya temple rebuilt in 1565, there will not be any statue of the deity. From water-bubble naturally formed in the bottom of the earth water will come in the form of a private part from the slit on the rock. This place is covered with a cloth and with flowers. Many saints/Tantric will visit this place in large numbers.
Maa Kamakhya Devi, There is still a custom of offering animal sacrifice at this Kamakhya temple. Inside the deity is a female, there is a prohibition of offering female animals. Still, this process is being continued. Before reaching the Kamakhya temple, there is a small pond on the way which called ‘Soubhagya Kundam’. Many of the devotees, especially from Assam, well take bath in the pond and treat it pious before having darshan of the deity. In the premises of the temple on one side, there is another pond called ‘Parvathi Kundam’.
The legend of the Kamakhya Devi Mandir tells that the devotees should have a bath in this pond before having the darshan of the deity. The temple faces the east but the private part of deity faces north. There are also statues of Vinayaka and Viswakarma in the premises of the Kamakhya temple.
In the premises of the Kamakya Mandir, there are also temples of Kala, Tara, Bagala, Bhuvaneswari, Bairavi, Dhumravati, and Chinamastha. Here Siva gives in five forms of Kameswara, Siddeswara, Heruka, Aghora and Koti Linga. Similarly, Lord Vishnu gives darshan in the forms of Kedara, Gadhadara and Panduranga Etc.
Every year the festival of ‘Ambuchi’ will be performed in the month of August in this Kamakhya temple. During this time devotees from many parts of the country come here. Festival of nine nights will be performed with much pomp. Even in these times every day there is a tradition of the sacrifice of a buffalo, he-goat, fish, sugarcane and a pumpkin.
Kamakhya Temple Timing
|Kamakhya Temple Timings||Opening/Closing|
|Morning 5.30 a.m.||Open|
|Afternoon 1.00 p.m.||Close|
|Afternoon 2.00 p.m.||open|
|Night 10.00 p.m.||Close|
Kamakhya Temple Address
Phone: 0361 273 4624
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